CalArts style. Whether you’re a professional animator, or just a daytime doodler, chances are you’ve heard of the term which unleashed a torrent of outrage from animation fans, including Twitter storms, irate comments sections, and rant-y blog posts.
How exactly does a cartoon animation style find itself on the receiving end of online fury, you may ask?
We’ve been wondering the same thing, and so, we’ve taken it upon ourselves to get to the bottom of where the term comes from and why it sparks so much controversy.
This article will hopefully answer the questions you might have about CalArts style, including:
- What is CalArts style
- Who invented CalArts style
- Is the CalArts conspiracy a thing
Let’s dive right in!
What Is CalArts Style
The term CalArts style started out in 2010 as an insult coined by The Ren & Stimpy Show creator John Kricfalusi intending to dismiss films like The Iron Giant made by CalArts alumn Brad Bird. In a now-deleted blog post, Kricfalusi accused young animators of regurgitating Disney-esque animation style without mastering the underlying animation skills.
But this original meaning was completely warped and lost over time.
CalArts has become notorious as a way to describe the somewhat simplistic animation style that has been popping up in the 2010s crop of cartoons, including Steven Universe, Gravity Falls, Star vs the Forces of Evil, ThunderCats Roar, The Amazing World of Gumball, Adventure Time, Over the Garden Wall, Clarence, and apparently Undertale, the indie video game. Also referred to as thin-line animation, it has been derided as unoriginal and childish.
If you’ve been on the internet the last few years (especially around the announcement of ThunderCats Roar reboot in 2018) you may have seen this meme of a simple bean-shaped head and ovular-shaped smile altering ever so slightly, each morphing into a different cartoon character.
It graced many Twitter feeds, essentially illustrating the point that all 2010s cartoon character designs looked the same, as they were drawn with thin lines, and featured round body shapes, big eyeballs, and crescent toothy grins. On top of that, many tweets contained accusations that these cartoon shows have been created by people who attended CalArts.
(Apparently, some social media users believe that the rounded ball-and-noodle art style is favored by the CalArts curriculum and therefore pushed onto its students who then go on to employ it in their shows.)
Wait, What Is CalArts Again?
CalArts, short for the California Institute of the Arts, is one of the biggest and most well-known art schools in the world, founded in 1961 by the most durable name in the industry, Walt Disney himself.
CalArts alumni are typically scooped by Pixar, Lucasfilm, DreamWorks SKG, Disney and the other majors, and, as a result, often help shape the defining animation style of a given decade.
So, did all the artists behind the most popular 2010s cartoon series really go to CalArts?
Here’s a quick fact check.
It turns out that while Daron Nefcy (Star vs the Forces of Evil) and Alex Hirsch (Gravity Falls) did indeed learn at CalArts, Rebecca Sugar and Ian Jones Quartey (Steven Universe) both came from SVA, Ben Bocquelet (The Amazing World of Gumball) studied at École des Métiers du Cinéma d’Animation, and Victor Courtright (ThunderCats Roar) graduated from MCAD.
So, Is CalArts Style Even a Thing?
It seems that CalArts style doesn’t exist, or at least definitely not in the way many people think it does.
More often than not, the term is used as a catchall for what many fans see as a cookie-cutter style of thin-line animation lacking in originality and effort. (Or sometimes whatever popular animation style they don’t like at the time.)
Different cartoon shows are being lumped together and labeled “CalArts” with disgruntled animation fans calling them lazy and derivative. At the same time, people are raving how cartoons used to look their best back when they were kids. It seems that to everyone, no matter how old they are, cartoons were always at their very best when they were introduced to them as little kids — funny how that works.
Some social media users have gone as far as to say that the “CalArts” style is part of a malicious plot to homogenize the animation industry, but there are more plausible explanations other than a cartoon conspiracy theory that account for the popularity of the style.
For starters, thin-line animation has a lot to do with the shift from pencil-and-paper to digital animation. Drawing with thin lines makes the animation process easier and faster to do in Flash and other computer programs, which is why thin-line animation is more popular now than in the 1990s and early 2000s, when traditional hand-drawn animation prevailed.
While we’re on the subject: you might find it interesting that 1989 The Little Mermaid was the last Disney feature film to use the traditional hand-drawn cell method of animation.
The widespread adoption of high-definition television is not without significance, too. Before HD, small features such as thin lines in an image were a rarity. Do you recall the thick outlined characters of the 1950s and 1960s, like the muscle-bound Mighty Mouse or the mid-1960s futurism staple The Jetsons? Thick outlines were a design trend adopted by TV cartoon creators precisely because back in those days over-the-air television reception was awful.
Last but not least, Western animators have switched to less detail and simple character design as a result of the anime boom which lasted from the mid 1990s to mid 2000s.
That’s All Folks!
Despite controversies, CalArts style has produced unforgettable characters and dreamy realms, spawning dedicated fan bases. In this article, we tried to unveil the mystery of its origin, address some of the misconceptions, and set the record right for posterity.
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What’s your take on the “CalArts” style? Also, what cartoons would you say looked all the same when you were young? Let us know in the comments!